The Perfect Cannabutter Ratio: A Weed To Butter Chart [2019 Update]
Cannabutter has become popular and easy to make at home. Once you know what the THC content is in your chosen strain, you can decide whether you want a cannabutter ratio of 1:1 or 1:2.
Cannabutter Ratio: The Highlights:
- Cannabutter is easy to make at home using an oven and stove, butter or coconut oil, marijuana, a pot, strainer, a spoon, an airtight container.
- You can make cannabutter using trimmings or buds.
- Cannabutter can be used to make a wide variety of sweet and savory treats and meals.
- The THC content of different strains of cannabis can vary between 3 percent and 30 percent.
- Generally, a ratio of half an ounce of cannabis for every pound of butter works well, but you can use a full ounce for a 1:1 ratio.
What is Cannabutter?
Simply put, cannabutter is butter infused with cannabis. Whether you call it cannabis butter, marijuana butter, or weed butter, you know it’s pretty awesome and it’s easy to make at home.
If you’re vegan or can’t eat butter, you can also make weed-infused coconut oil and use it the same way you would cannabis butter.
Cannabutter is great because it opens up the world of cannabis cooking even further than cannabis oil. Toast, popcorn, pasta, potatoes, or baked goods, are just some of the marijuana edibles that you can make at home.
Determining The Right Cannabutter Ratio
This is where the tricky part comes in. Unlike medical marijuana with precisely controlled ratios, getting the exact ratio you want can be challenging at home.
Things to consider:
- Marijuana potency
- The desired potency of the edibles
- Personal tolerance
The best way to get close to the ratio you want is to use cannabis from a dispensary with the amount of THC (the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects and pain relief) clearly marked. But, this isn’t the only way.
When determining the ratio you want your marijuana butter to be, you need to know your strains. Thankfully, there are people who have already done all the research. You can check out the THC content of the various strains here.
The average bud has between 10-20 percent of THC while the stem has between 5-10 percent of THC. It is not a bad starting point to assume your weed will have 10 percent THC.
The next step is to determine how potent you want your edibles to be. This is determined by your personal tolerance. There are average doses to follow that can be tweaked depending on your tolerance.
It should be noted that 10mg of THC is almost equivalent to smoking a standard-sized joint, which is about 0.7g of bud.
- New users: 2.5mg of THC
- Light users: 10mg of THC
- Moderate users: 40mg of THC
- Heavy users: 100mg of THC
Basically, one gram of weed equals 1,000mg. 10 percent of 1,000mg equals 100mg. One cup of decarboxylated cannabis will be around 7-10 grams as well.
The higher the percentage of THC in the strain, the stronger your marijuana butter will be and the stronger the psychoactive effects will be. You can then adjust your ratio of cannabis to butter accordingly.
What Kind of Butter to Use
The type of butter used will have an impact on the final result. It is recommended to use high quality, unsalted, organic stick butter to wield the best results. This avoids adding any extra water and foreign substances to the mixture.
Having less water in your butter will create a higher yield, increasing potency.
Most people use half an ounce of weed for every pound of butter (2 cups), but you can go with a 1:1 ratio by using an ounce of weed for every pound of butter.
Now to get a specific ratio of THC in your baked goods, the math looks like this, don’t worry, it’s simple:
- If you have a 12 percent strain, at 1000 milligrams or one gram of that strain, you will have 120 milligrams of THC.
- Per ounce of cannabis (28 grams), you will then have 3360 milligrams of THC if you infuse an ounce of weed into 2 cups of butter.
- If your recipe requires one cup of butter to make 40 cookies, you will then end up with around 42 mg of THC per cookie.
Just bear in mind that when you decarboxylate (activate) your weed, which we will get to shortly, it removes some of the THC, so if you get a strain that contains a very low percentage of THC, you may not get much of an effect.
Best Way To Make Cannabutter
There are a few ways to make cannabis butter. The best way is to infuse the butter with cannabis in a double boiler or a medium saucepan. This is the easiest way to make it.
You can start small by making half a cup of cannabis butter using one stick of butter and a quarter ounce of cannabis. Or make a cup using two sticks of butter and half an ounce of cannabis.
Here’s how you do it:
Step 1: Decarboxylate the Cannabis
You will need an oven, baking tray or baking sheet, and parchment paper.
- Set the oven to anything between 220 and 240 degrees Fahrenheit depending on your oven.
- Line the baking tray with parchment.
- Then take the cannabis flowers (cannabis buds) and break them apart. You can use a food processor to finely ground the cannabis buds but only do this if you have a very fine strainer.
- Spread the buds in a thin layer on the parchment paper. Then put the baking tray in the oven for 45 minutes.
This process is known as decarboxylating or decarbing the weed. It activates the marijuana by turning THCA into THC. You can also opt to buy a decarboxylation machine, which takes the trouble of decarbing weed out of your hands.
Step 2: Melt the Butter and Add the Cannabis
You will need a wooden or steel spoon, a saucepan or double boiler.
- Melt the butter.
- Then stir the cannabis into the melted butter little by little.
- Lower the heat and let the mixture simmer for 45 minutes.
- You will need to stir it often to keep it from burning.
Note: If you prefer to simmer it slowly in a slow cooker (crockpot) or cook it in a pot for a few hours at a lower heat, you will need to add a little boiling water to prevent it from burning. You can even do this when using a saucepan.
Step 3: Strain it and Cool it
You can use cheesecloth, mesh strainer, or a steel strainer and you will need a jar.
- Strain the mixture into the jar using cheesecloth or a strainer.
- You may need to squeeze out the last bit of butter mixture by pressing the cannabis with your spoon. It will have a green tinge.
- Once it’s cooled down, you can use it.
You can store it in the fridge or freezer in an airtight container if you aren’t going to use it right away.
Testing the Batch for Potency
It may take a few trial-and-error batches to find the perfect recipe for you. To help determine the perfect cannabutter ratio for you, it is advised to test your batch. This is done by taking up to ½ teaspoon of the finished product onto a snack.
Wait about an hour to see how it affects you. Based on that you can adjust if it needs more or less potency.
Making Cannabutter With Trimmings
Using trimmings is a great way to make cannabutter if you have a marijuana plant since trimmings are harder to come by unless you are a grower or are able to source it from a grower.
If you are going to use trimmings to make your cannabis butter, you will need more of it than the dried buds.
You can decarb it at a higher heat, 260 degrees Fahrenheit, for 45 minutes. Using a food processor is an effective way to break up the trim.
According to Green Flower, you can make a potent cannabutter that you can dilute with regular butter by doing the following:
- Fill a pot a quarter or a third of the way with your trim.
- Add a cup of butter for every 4 cups of water until the pot is 80 percent full.
- Then, with the burner up as high as possible, bring the mixture to a boil.
- Boil it for 4 hours, stirring occasionally, about every 15 to 30 minutes.
- Add water as needed as it will evaporate.
- You can then strain the mixture into a bowl and leave it to cool for about 45 minutes.
- Then put it in the fridge overnight.
- Lift the butter and pour out all the liquid and any nasties and your butter is good to go.
Note: Just note that this method causes a strong weed smell.
Things To Cook With Cannabutter
Now for the fun part.
You can use your cannabutter for all your cooking and baked goods where you would use regular butter. Just bear in mind that the marijuana butter will have a different flavor to normal butter. If it bothers you, you can try blanching the buds or clarifying the butter.
If you need to dilute it with regular butter, you can easily do it in a mixing bowl before adding it to the rest of the ingredients.
- Delicious Sauces: Use your cannabutter to make a delicious white sauce, cheese sauce, pepper sauce, mushroom sauce, or garlic sauce. Pour the sauce over pasta, savory pies, meat, potatoes, or dip your french fries in it.
- Good Old Toast: Why not spread some marijuana butter on your toast. You can add jelly, maple syrup, peanut butter, Nutella, whatever you like. Simple, easy, delicious, and effective.
- Brownies: Try a new way of making your hash brownies and frosting by using cannabutter.
- Buttercream Frosting: Use cannabutter to make the frosting for your next batch of cupcakes, cake pops, or cake.
- Pie Crust: Whether you’re making a pie for dessert or for dinner, cannabutter works well in the pie crust and can even be used for pastry dough in general.
- Cannabutter Cookies: Who doesn’t love cookies? Cannabutter Cookies takes it up a notch by using cannabutter as part of any cookie recipe.
Why The Right Cannabutter Ratio Matters?
It can be tempting to just chuck a bunch of weed into the pot with your butter but making sure the ratio works well for you is the right approach. If you have a ratio that is too low, you might not find it effective at all, and at the same time, perhaps a lower ratio works well for you.
Often, if you need to take medical marijuana, you will need medicinal quantities. A higher ratio may be better suited to relieving pain, nausea, or the myriad of ailments that medical marijuana helps to treat.
If you are sensitive to high THC concentrations, however, you need a lower ratio.
You may need to experiment a bit in the beginning, so make smaller batches until you find what works for you. Enjoy the experimenting and the delicious eats.