Hemp Oil: A Comprehensive Overview [Updated in 2018]

Hemp Oil: A Comprehensive Overview [Updated in 2018]
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Hemp oil is a multi-purpose natural remedy and is used worldwide. We look at what it and how it’s different from CBD Oil, the benefits of hemp oil, where it comes from, and how to use it safely and effectively.

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Table of Contents

What is Hemp Oil?

Hemp oil, or hemp seed oil, is a dark green to clear light green oil that is cold pressed from hemp seed. It has a grassy aroma and aftertaste that is distinct for this oil.

Hemp oil has a long history of use in Eastern culture and it is a popular multi-purpose natural remedy used throughout the world. Hemp oil contains virtually no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the psychoactive effect found in cannabis, but it is often still considered a bit sketchy to some people. However, people are slowly starting to understand the benefits of hemp oil and the benefits it provides.

The confusion comes from the fact that hemp is a variety of Cannabis Sativa, yes, the same type of plant where CBD comes from. However, the strain used for hemp seed oil production is different from those used in producing CBD oils. Hemp seed has a very low content of cannabinoids, and the processing of the oil further lowers it, if not remove it, from the commercial yield.

Primarily, hemp seed oil is incorporated in a diet because of its nutritional value. Hemp oil contains very little to no THC or CBD and the oil is rather specifically extracted for its healthy fatty acid profile. Hemp seed oil has a ratio of unsaturated fat and saturated fat at 3:1. Hemp oil provides significant amounts of some fatty acids such as GLA and stearidonic acid.

One of our preferred hemp oils is Nature’s Blueprint.

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol oil (abbreviated as CBD oil) is another chemical derived from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Cannabidiol is one of the 113 Cannabinoid found in this plant. This cannabinoid has no hallucinogenic or psychoactive effects like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC – the primary psychoactive chemical inducing hallucinations and “high”). CBD oil is made by extracting it from the cannabis plant and then diluting it with a carrier oil such as hemp seed oil or coconut. 

CBD oil has been gaining fame for its medicinal value that can potentially help manage anxiety, depression, and pain. Although the right amount of dosage and consumption is still a subject matter for debate, many people claim to have had benefits and health improvements from consuming it.

In the United States, specifically states where cannabis is legal, CBD oil can be made from the entire cannabis plant, including the flowering portion. In states where cannabis is not legal, CBD oil must be made from hemp, which means the stalks of the hemp plant.

Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil – Difference between the two

The main differences between hemp oil and CBD oil are how they are manufactured and their chemical composition.

Hemp oil is produced by pressing hemp seeds which do not contain any cannabinoid – the active chemicals present in a cannabis plant. As a result, hemp oil contains very little CBD and THC. Hemp oil only takes the nutritional fatty acids from the hemp seed.

CBD oil, on the other hand, is made from the parts of the cannabis plant which contains higher amounts of CBD and THC. Typically CBD oils are manufactured to minimize THC and maximize CBD. However, a trace amount of harmless THC may be present.

Farma health conducts lab tests to verify purity and chemical composition of hemp oil and CBD oil.

Hemp Oil Ingredients

Almost a third of hemp seed weight is edible oil that contains essential fatty acids, most importantly Omega 3 and Omega 6. Hemp oil boils at 166 C or 330 F.

Omega 3

Omega 3 is known to help optimize the lipid profile and result in the decrease in the likelihood of getting a chronic cardiac disease. Supplementing with Omega 3 does not directly help in preventing such diseases. However, research has shown that taking supplements religiously dramatically lowers the chances of getting cardiac and cardiac related diseases. Also, research shows that it takes about a year of taking 1000mg Omega 3 daily improve and optimize the lipid profile. The recommended dosage by the European Food Safety Authority recommends 2-2.25 grams of Omega 3 for best health improvement.

Omega 6

Omega 6 is another essential fatty acid that the human body cannot produce on its own. It helps the nervous system in maintaining optimal health and plays a role in growth and tissue repair. Some research shows that Omega 6 also has an anti-inflammatory effect. The recommended dosage of Omega 6 fatty acid 6-10grams daily.

Hemp Oil Nutritional Value

Pure hemp oil is made of about 77-83% essential fatty acids. This can be further broken down to about 55-59% Omega 6 and 22-24% Omega three. The recommended ratio is of Omega 6 to Omega 3 consumption is 3:1. The European Food Safety Authority also recommends this quantity. A 100ml oil has about 60% Omega 6, and about 23% Omega 6 which roughly gives you the perfect ratio of 3:1. Essentially, with all the facts presented here, we can get to formulate a dosage according to the recommendation of food regulatory authorities.

Right Hemp Oil Dosage for You

Everything that is taken in excess, of course, can lead to something undesirable. Consuming the correct daily dosage of essential fatty acids can make a difference and will steer you away from the negative side effects.

Although there is no specific dosage that is perfect for everyone, consumers often estimate the correct dosage themselves and this can be dangerous and the oil won’t have the right effects. There are several factors to keep in mind, such as the concentration of CBD, the weight of the individual, the individual’s body chemistry and the severity of the condition being treated. That’s why there will often be some trial and error to find the perfect dosage.

hemp oil dosage

Dosage Depends on Your Body Weight

The dosage that you need to take will also depend on your body weight, which is why every person may need a different dosage of hemp oil. A good rule of thumb is to determine your proper CBD dosage by taking 1 – 6 mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight.

For example, a 200 lb patient can take around 20-33 mg of CBD depending on the severity of the condition. If not severe, start out with 20 mg and work it up to around 33 mg for severe cases. The same principle applies to people with a lower or higher body weight.

Slowly increase your intake

Always start with the lower dosage and work your way upward until you determine the correct dosage for your specific condition. It’s easier to increase the dosage as needed than to sit with side effects due to an incorrect larger dosage.

Depends on Why You Are Taking Hemp Oil

Depending on your condition, determine why exactly you are taking hemp oil, to help you find the correct dosage. If you are simply taking it for the health benefits, a lower dosage will be required. If you have a severe condition or chronic pain, a higher dosage may be needed.

Computing The Right Dosage

For every 100 grams of hemp oil, you have about 60 grams of Omega 6 and about 20 grams of Omega 3. To get the right dosage, here’s the formula: 100g:60=x:10 Now, all you have to do is compute for the missing “x.” It would be a little cruel if we will leave you at that without the answer, right?! Let’s drop the geeky stuff here and answer the question! The optimal recommended daily dosage of hemp oil is about 16.7 grams daily. Now, to make it easier, this is just a little over one tablespoon. A tablespoon of hemp oil has enough dosage that your body optimally needs. So, there is no need in taking 2-4 tablespoons daily as it can pose a risk to your health. Unless contraindicated, this is the safe dosage you can take every day to optimize your health and reap the health benefits these essential fatty acids give. However, you may consult with your doctor and check your blood chemistry to see if you need a higher or lower dosage.

Hemp Oil Quick Health Benefits

Hemp oil is a favorite among vegans and vegetarians for its astounding nutritional value. But even for omnivores, consuming hemp oil as part of the daily diet can help improve health. Hemp oil contains the right amount of essential fatty acids (Omega 6 and Omega 3) that the body cannot produce on its own in perfect proportion. Consuming the optimal amount of these essential fatty acids can have a great impact on your health. Here are some of the benefits you can get from consuming hemp oil.

Hemp Oil Benefits infographic

Infographic: The Benefits of Hemp Oil (Click for full size)

There are many benefits to hemp oil; from treating epilepsy and anxiety to reducing pain and inflammation. Hemp oil is used around the world by consumers for a variety of health issues.

Hemp Oil Relieves Pain and Inflammation

There are some animal studies conducted in 2016 that showed a reduction in pain and inflammation with the use of topical hemp oil. However, most of the current data studying the benefits of cannabinoids for pain and inflammation show that the most effective solution is to combine CBD with THC.

Reduces Anxiety and Depression

CBD oil has been shown to effectively decrease activity in the part of the brain that is responsible for our “fight-or-flight” response. A study in 2011 found that CBD oil significantly reduced anxiety and cognitive impairment compared to placebo.

Hemp Oil Use with Acne

Hemp oil is also popular as a moisturizer for the skin, which offers many benefits. Studies have shown that hemp oil can dramatically decrease skin dryness to alleviate itching and irritation. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties can help protect against the aging process while soothing the skin.

Hemp for Cancer-related Pain

Medical marijuana has been used to treat pain for centuries and recently researchers have found that components like CBD are responsible for its powerful pain-relieving abilities.

The body produces neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids, to regulate various activities such as sleep, appetite, immune system responses, and pain.

Dealing with Multiple Sclerosis

Hemp oil is also known to treat pain related to multiple sclerosis and arthritis. In a 2015 study of 47 people with multiple sclerosis, researchers found that those treated with Sativex for one month experienced a significant improvement in pain, walking and muscle spasms, compared to the placebo group.

Hemp Oil Helps Epilepsy

One of the most studied uses of CND is to treat neurological disorders such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Although more research needs to be conducted, studies are very promising.

A study conducted in 2016 with 214 people that had severe epilepsy were given 0.9 – 2.3 grams of CBD oil per pound of body weight, and their seizures reduced an average of 36.5 percent.

Another 2014 study found that Sativex, which contains CBD and THC, reduced spasms in 75 percent of people with multiple sclerosis.

Lennox-Gastaut syndrome

Researchers have found that adding cannabidiol (CBD) to antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy can significantly reduce the number of seizures in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). This was confirmed with a phase 3 placebo-controlled study in 2017.

Dravet syndrome

According to a study in 2017, CBD oil significantly reduced the number of seizures in children with the Dravet syndrome, which is a complex epilepsy disorder in children, compared to a placebo.

Helps with Neural Disorders

Researchers believe that hemp oil has the ability to positively act on the brain signaling system and this can provide benefits for people with neurological disorders.

Huntington Disease

Some people believe that hemp oil help with the symptoms of Huntington’s disease, which is a fatal genetic condition that causes seizures and loss of neurological function. More research and clinical trials are however needed to confirm the benefits.

Hemp Oil for Alzheimer’s Disease

Though more research needs to be done, CBD oil has shown to effectively treat symptoms in epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease, as well as reduce the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in test-tube and animal studies.

Other Hemp Oil Benefits

In addition to helping to reduce symptoms of various diseases and disorders, hemp oil has numerous other benefits too. This includes reducing the effects of diabetes, high blood pressure and heart problems.

Helps with Heart Problems

High blood pressure can lead to conditions such as a heart attack or a stroke, and studies have shown that hemp oil holds many benefits to help improve the heart and circulatory system, including lowering blood pressure. A 2013 study has shown that CBD oil reduced blood pressure in 10 healthy men when they were given a dose of 600mg, compared to a placebo.

Diabetes Prevention

A 2006 study has shown that when diabetic mice were treated with CBD it reduced their diabetes by 56 percent and also significantly reduced inflammation. Although this shows promising results, more research is needed to confirm the benefits.

Hemp helps with Substance Abuse

CBD oil can be used to treat substance abuse as research has shown it can modify circuits in the brain related to drug addiction.

Hemp Oil Uses for Hair

Hemp oil can help to support healthy skin, nails, and hair, as it can dramatically decrease the dryness. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties to help protect against the aging process.

hemp oil

Hemp Oil Side Effects

Although hemp oil is generally considered safe, there are a few side effects to it.

While there are millions of people who use hemp oil and experience no side effects whatsoever, others are not so fortunate. Upon using hemp oil some people may experience one or more of the following side effects:

Digestive problems

Although hemp seed oil is used quite readily in cooking, it has been known to cause diarrhea and stomach cramps. The reason for this is that it’s extremely high in fiber and proteins which help to loosen the bowels. So, if you do find yourself suffering from a sensitive stomach after cooking with hemp seed oil, it might be best to avoid cooking with it in the future.

digestive problem imageProduces harmful toxins when heated to 121° or hotter

If hemp seed oil is overheated it produces harmful peroxides which can cause significant damage to the skin, tissues or organs. It’s also flammable and mildly explosive. For those reasons, if you are going to cook with hemp seed oil, it is best to use it on lukewarm or cold dishes only. And only ever store in a cool, dark place.

Fatty Acids May Elevate Cardiac Risk

While our bodies need a certain amount of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, an excess of these polyunsaturated fats can lead to cardiac problems. To avoid this, only ever consume the recommended dose. If you already suffer from cardiac issues or are extremely overweight, hemp seed oil may not be your best option for pain relief.

cardiac risk imageBlood Coagulation

In some cases, hemp oil affects the way in which blood platelets and anticoagulants work. These are essential in the blood clotting process. Hemp seed oil can cause the blood to thicken and clot, eventually causing a heart attack. Anyone already suffering from heart problems should definitely consult a doctor before using hemp seed oil.

blood coagulation imageBrain Development Issues

While the right dose of hemp seed oil has been known to alleviate some of the effects of Parkinson’s disease, over-consumption could worsen or even trigger the symptoms. It has also been proven that it can slow the development of the brain due to its imbalance in fatty acids. There are far more Omega-6 fatty acids than there is Omega-3 and the latter is what’s essential in brain development. Not getting enough of this fatty acid in comparison to Omega-6 can hinder the development of the brain.

brain development imageMay Trigger Reproduction Of Tumor Cells

While some users with tumors have reported a slowing down or stopping of the growth of tumors after using hemp seed oil, others have not been quite so lucky. One of the reasons for this is that hemp oil is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids. This gives it properties that trigger the reproduction of cells. And while it’s great for healing skin complaints, it also increases the risk of cancerous cells being regenerated. To try and avoid this, researchers suggest a reduction in the number of dietary fats.

tumor cells imageSome People May Feel a Slight High

Even though most hemp seed oil products go through extensive cleansing processes, they’re not perfect. And, as a result, some of these products may contain minute traces of THC. In very rare cases, some people have reported feelings of being high while using certain hemp oil products. You should also be aware that if large doses of hemp seed oil are consumed, it may test as a positive result in a standard, urine-based drug test.

Lack Of Energy

The over consumption of hemp seed oil can cause both dizziness and drowsiness as CBD lowers the blood pressure. If you know that you have low blood pressure you should avoid using hemp seed oil.

lack of energy imageSuppression Of The Immune System

Because of the high levels of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids in hemp seed oil, the efficiency of the immune system becomes compromised. While these high levels are very good at treating inflammation and promoting a healthy heart, they can also cause bacterial growth within the body.

immune system imageThe Onset Of Allergies

With the number of proteins, fibers, minerals, and other essential nutrients that are found in hemp seed oil, it’s clearly a superfood with some amazing properties. However, some of those same ingredients that make it so effective can also cause allergies too. Valine, arginine, and glutamic acid are some of the main culprits, although any amino acid found in hemp seed oil could potentially trigger an allergy.

women with allergie image

While the great majority of people that use hemp seed oil are absolutely fine while using it, you should always be aware of the risks before taking any supplement or medicine. If you do have any problems while using hemp seed oil, you may want to consider lowering the dose to see if that helps. If the problem still continues to stop using it and seek an alternative. We hope you’ve enjoyed this article and feel much more informed as to some of the potential side effects of using hemp seed oil.

CBD is also known to interact with a few medications, so always consult with your doctor to ensure your safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions.

Hemp oil is legal in the US because it contains less than 0.3 percent of THC.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is not considered a controlled substance and is therefore legal. Since tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a psychoactive chemical responsible for causing the marijuana ‘high’, it is illegal.

How to Choose the Right Hemp Oil

To find the right hemp oil you need to consider a few factors. Make sure that the hemp plant used is 100 percent organically grown so that you minimize the risk of pesticides. Hemp oil should be extracted using CO2, ethanol, or olive oil.

You can also ask for a third-party certificate of analysis. This paperwork will show the chemical composition of the hemp oil and also show if there are any unwanted contaminants such as toxic heavy metals.

Many hemp oils don’t have the full spectrum of terpenes and other cannabinoids that are believed to act synergistically with the CBD, meaning that consumers receive less of a benefit. However, some brands that test rigorously to make sure that the CBD content, terpenes and other cannabinoids, are up to par.

There are many high-quality hemp oils to choose from.  We’ve selected a few of our favorites below.

Nutiva Organic Hempseed Oil
Nutiva - Grocery
from $12.36

Where to Buy Hemp Oil: Popular Brands

With so many hemp oil products available on the market, it’s always a good idea to start with popular brands that you know have a good history and will provide a quality product.

Charlotte’s Web Hemp Oil

Charlotte’s Web hemp oil is a high-cannabidiol, low-tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabis strain which is sold as a dietary supplement in the United States. It is produced by the Stanley brothers in Colorado. It can be bought from certain online stores.

Nutiva Hemp Oil

Nutiva hemp oil is cold-pressed and unrefined and contains omega6 and omega-3 fatty acids at a ratio of 3:1 which is considered ideal. It also contains Super Omega-6 (GLA) and Super Omega-3 (SDA) to help metabolize fat in the body. It can be bought directly from Nutiva or from various online stores and pharmacies.

Herbal Renewals

Herbal Renewals’ CBD oil is said to be the world’s purest and most concentrated CBD oil. This 100% all-natural hemp oil extract has 25% pure CBD concentration.

Cibdex

Cibdex is a line of CBD hemp oil supplements that range from flavored tinctures to pills helping you get an internal dosage of CBD. It can be bought online and in dispensaries worldwide.

Hemp Oil at its Finest

Hemp oil has definitely gained popularity recently especially with the host of potential health benefits it holds. With the ability to treat various medical conditions and health issues, hemp oil is considered to be very safe and highly effective.

Do remember that hemp oil and CBD oil comes from the same type of plant but is made from different parts and processed in different ways. Both are sought after their health benefits. However, Hemp oil has very little to no traces of Cannabinoids. Hemp oil is known for its perfect balance of essential fatty acids that can help regulate cholesterol levels and manage the risk of catching heart and other heart-related diseases. Follow the recommended dosage daily. To make sure everything is in the right levels, follow the recommended hemp oil dosage and have your blood checked once in a while.

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