Hash Oil: What You Need To Know
There are so many names for cannabis nowadays that it’s very easy to become confused. Cannabis, weed, marijuana, hash, dabs, oil, flowers, the list goes on and on. Even seasoned cannabis smokers can become confused by certain forms of cannabis. So if you’re a newbie or one of those seasoned smokers, you needn’t feel ashamed of your cluelessness.
What Is Hash Oil?
Hash or cannabis oil is essentially an oleoresin. An Oleoresin is a semi-solid extract that’s in a fatty-oil solution composed of resin. The oil is obtained when the solution components of the mixture evaporate, leaving the sole products behind.
Hash oil can vary widely on the color and style it holds. The color can range from golden, light brown, yellow, tan and even clear. The styles (forms) of hash oil can be called shatter, wax, crumble and budder among other names and styles. These names are usually similar to the physical characteristic that the hash oil contains which can be combusted, vaporized, ingested and even topically applied.
Hash oil is a highly concentrated form of cannabis which is comprised of potent terpenes and cannabinoids (Usually several times stronger than cannabis in any other form). These terpenes are not usually as fragrant when in flower form, but can be tasted when consumed.
Among the terpenes, the majority of cannabinoids found within hash oil are usually tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), along with a few others.
How Is Hash Oil Made?
Hash oil is predominantly produced through the method of solvent extraction. The cannabis ingredients are mixed with a solvent which filters the cannabis ingredients and evaporates, leaving behind a resin-like liquid which is very sticky and contains a very strong smell of cannabis.
Although it smells like cannabis, regular plant material and flowers (undried) are not suitable for the production of hash oil because it’s in a carboxylic form, where cannabis contains substantially less THC and CBD and may be a source of inefficiency in the process of evaporating the solvents. Hash oil is primarily made with cannabis that has been decarboxylated through a process of drying and heating.
You have read the term solvent numerous times so far within the span of this article. The term solvent does not refer to a sole important ingredient. There are a wide variety of solvents available for the process of extraction, these include dichloromethane, benzene, petroleum ether, olive oil, isopropanol, ethanol, butane, naphtha, and chloroform.
Mass Or Personal Production
Hash oil is produced in sizes of mass production and personal use. The majority of persons and/or organizations who mass produce hash oil are doing so for the commercial sale of said product in dispensaries, pharmacies, etc. Hash oil can be easily produced in small quantities for personal use within the confines of your home or garage.
Mass produced hash oil will usually be packaged in commercial-grade materials and be neatly placed. Along with a professional appearance, your hash oil will come with ingredient facts and percentages which are tested and recorded in a professional-grade laboratory prior to being distributed. Personally produced hash oil will be on the other side of the spectrum.
Whether you or a friend produced it, there would be no way of telling the exact chemical profile of your oil as it would be illegal to distribute homemade substances, let alone test it in a professional setting (Unless, of course, your friend has his own personal laboratory.)
Legal Or Illegal Production
The production of any scheduled substance is illegal in every state of America, even if cannabis has been legalized in many states. Even in states where hash oil is specifically legal, such as Washington or Colorado, it is illegal.
The reason being that most people who produce hash oil in an unprofessional setting use explosive materials such as butane for the sake of cost reduction in mass production.
In a legally sanctioned facility where hash oil is produced, you will find tons of machinery and safety precautions every step of the way. This way of production may not be inherently cost-effective, but it is a process that yields consistent, safe and quality results.
Is Making Your Own Has Oil Dangerous?
Making your own hash can be dangerous if gone about in the wrong way with wrong instructions and ignorance for safety. With that being said, hash oil can also be produced safely where there are zero chances for explosions, injury or death.
It is just like driving a car, you are essentially a 100+ pound ball of meat and bones driving a few thousand-pound metal machine at inhumane speeds, but done correctly and you are very likely to survive.
Making Butane Hash Oil Is Dangerous And Illegal
As stated previously about alternative methods for producing hash oil, there are persons who would gladly sacrifice safety and health for the sake of saving a buck in mass production. Making butane hash oil is extremely dangerous due to the explosive nature of butane and its track record of explosions.
On top of using dangerous ingredients, it is already illegal to produce and distribute scheduled substances without a license (homemade and professionally produced)
How To Make Hash Oil Safely
We will go over a safe and effective procedure for producing hash oil with a relatively small amount of cannabis. This method will involve the use of alcohol as the evaporating solvent and decarboxylated cannabis. This is the most recommended procedure when safety, cost, and efficiency is taken into account.
Tools And Utensils
- 8 to 10 grams of ground, decarboxylated cannabis
- Wooden stirring spoon
- 95% pure grain alcohol
- Storage containers
- 1-quart glass jar
- 8-ounce measuring cup
- 2 sink strainers
- Coffee filters
- Decently clean blade
- Funnel that can fit a strainer
Make Your Own Hash Oil
- Set up your tools and utensils in an open working space to let fumes disperse during the process
- Take your strainers and place a coffee filter in between both strainers (like a sandwich)
- Place the strainers in the funnel
- Place your funnel-strainer contraption into your glass quart jar
- Place your ground, decarboxylated cannabis into the measuring cup
- Place anywhere from 3 to 5 ounces of your alcohol into the measuring cup
- Stir for 3 to 4 minutes to let the alcohol extract the cannabis’s cannabinoids
- Pour your mixture into the jar through the funnel
- Place your strained mixture into a double boiler over an oven top with a temperature of around 180 – 200 degrees until the alcohol is mostly evaporated (Should take around 10-15 minutes)
- (Alternatively) You can place your solution in a wide dish to let the alcohol evaporate over a few hours
Tips And Caution
- Place your cannabis and grain alcohol in the freezer for up to 8 hours prior to the procedure for the cleanest results
- Use ethyl alcohol over isopropyl alcohol because ethyl alcohol is purely edible
- Use tools and utensils that are made of glass, ceramic materials or stainless steel as alcohol can dissolve chemicals from plastics and fabrics
- You can strain your mixture a second time, however, your potency may suffer
How To Use Hash Oil
Your hash can be smoked in a dab rig or concentrate pen for vaporization. Hash oil can also be eaten by incorporating it into a baking recipe or simply swallowing it with honey or butter in a tablespoon.
Using Hash Oil
Hash oil is created through extracting resin from cannabis material through a solvent-evaporation procedure. Hash oil is highly a concentrated form of cannabis which is comprised of potent terpenes and cannabinoids. Hash oil can be easily produced in small quantities for personal use within the confines of your home or garage.
It is illegal to produce and distribute your own hash oil, even in states where it is legal to use. The reason being that most people who produce hash oil in an unprofessional setting and use explosive materials such as butane for the sake of cost reduction in mass production.