CBD terpenes such as linalool, limonene, humulene, and myrcene are crucial compounds contained within CBD oil. These terpenes work alongside cannabinoids producing an optimal medicinal effect known as the entourage effect.
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CBD Terpenes: The Highlights
- CBD terpenes are hydrocarbon metabolites found in various cannabis sativa plant strains.
- Terpenes give the cannabis plant and other plants and fruit flavor and aroma.
- Linalool, Limonene, humulene, and myrcene are four common anti-inflammatory, pain-reducing, and mentally-stabilizing terpenes found in CBD oil.
- When terpenes are as a whole, they have more healing power than if they’re isolated.
- Without terpenes, CBD’s powerful medicinal effects would not be possible.
What Are CBD Terpenes?
In general, terpenes are aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites that give cannabis sativa plants their varied aroma, taste, and color. These chemical compounds are found in both marijuana plants and hemp plants, with both having the ability to produce CBD oil.
The trichomes of the cannabis plants are responsible for the production of these rich terpenes. These trichomes are glands that look like tiny little crystal hairs.
These crystal trichome glands produce a sticky, resinous oil that is rich in terpenes as well as many different cannabinoids.
Although there are over 20,000 terpenes found within many different species of plants, there are just 100 types of terpenes produced by the various cannabis plant strains.
These cannabis terpenes have four basic aromas: sweet, spicey, bitter, or sour. Certain cannabis plant strains can vary in their terpene potency and terpene composition, having one dominant scent or having a mix of two or three.
These unique terpene compositions contained within each individual strain of cannabis plant presents a different terpene profile that makes its scent and tastes distinctive.
Due to this variance in terpene potency and type, terpenes combined with the power of cannabinoids, are able to give a person who consumes them different physical, mental, and emotional effects.
More specifically, CBD-rich cannabis plants predominantly produce the following terpenes:
Terpenes Or Terpenoids?
Terpenes and terpenoids are two terms that are often used interchangeably. However, they represent two different parts of the cannabis production process.
During the growth of the plant, it produces hydrocarbon terpenes. Then, when the plant is dried and cured through the oxidation process, those terpenes turn into terpenoids.
Therefore, if it is easier to remember it this way, then think about it like this: terpenes are produced in the wet cannabis oils. Terpenoids are a product of the dried flower of the cannabis plant.
Terpenes Found In CBD
There are four common CBD terpenes in all CBD-rich cannabis plants.
Linalool is a floral, slightly spicey scented terpene that is found not only in cannabis but also in over 200 species of plants, including the popular lavender plant.
It can help relieve anxiety, depression, stress, and even chronic pain. It is also highly anti-inflammatory. It pairs well with sedatives because it helps to enhance the sedative’s effects.
One exciting hope that the medical community has in the utilization of linalool is in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
A 2016 study done by the University of Antioquia in Colombia revealed that not only did it help with the cognitive and behavioral impairments but it also reduced cellular tangles and brain plaques that are associated with the disease.
Limonene is a citrusy, fruity scented terpene that is found in cannabis, lemons, oranges, fruit rinds, peppermint, rosemary, and juniper. It is often found in everyday items such as perfumes, cleaning supplies, cosmetics, and lotions.
Limonene has the following medicinal values:
- Relieves anxiety, depression, and stress
- Reduces pain
- Antiseptic and antifungal
- Relieves acid reflux
- Elevates mood
It is interesting to note that concentrated forms of limonene can potentially treat cancer. Many studies reveal that it is a significant influencer in the reduction of cancer tumors.
Humulene is an earthy, woodsy, and slightly spicy terpene that is found cannabis, basil, clove, and hops.
Humulene has the following medicinal values:
- Appetite suppressant
- Fights tumors
- Relieves pain
Humulene, like limonene, also helps to fight tumor growth. One such study that suggests this is a 2016 clinical trial done in Poland by the Ludwik Hirszfield Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy and the Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences.
This study concluded that humulene, combined with other terpenes and cannabinoids, can terminate cancer cells.
Myrcene is the precursor terpene to all other terpenes that dictate whether or not the cannabis plant will either be Sativa-dominant, Indica-dominant, or a hybrid.
Myrcene is an earthy, herbal-smelling terpene found in cannabis, mangoes, lemongrass, eucalyptus, hops, basil, thyme, and bay laurel leaves.
Myrcene has the following medicinal properties:
- Relaxes muscles
- Anti-inflammatory agent
- Sedates the body and mind
- Pain reliever
Terpenes In Full-Spectrum CBD Oil
Formerly seen solely as an olfactory effect for people who smelled cannabis products, research is now starting to reveal that terpenes help to enhance the therapeutic healing properties of the many different cannabinoids found within the cannabis oil.
This means that terpenes can, in fact, help with the direct alteration of people’s mental states as well as their pain perception and can even enhance these positive medical benefits when combined with cannabinoids.
The term full-spectrum means that the whole range of therapeutic chemical compounds that are produced from the cannabis plant are extracted and kept intact in the production of CBD oil and other CBD products.
The key cannabinoid player CBD is extracted alongside other cannabinoids such as THC, cannabigerol, cannabichromene, cannabinol, and other lesser-known cannabinoids.
Extracted alongside these many therapeutic cannabinoids are the terpenes as well as the antioxidant flavonoids, which also have anti-inflammatory effects.
An example of why using full-spectrum CBD oil is better than using isolated CBD terpenes and cannabinoids is by noticing the effects of linalool when combined with THC and CBD.
Linalool is an inflammation fighter, pain reducer, and mental distress alleviator. THC and CBD also exhibit the same positive effects on the body. When used together, they work alongside one another in relieving these symptoms, thus enhancing the effects.
Therefore, one can easily see why the benefits of CBD oil cannot be underrated.
Due to this harmonious synergy between cannabinoids and terpenes, people now seek out custom terpene profiles contained within certain marijuana strains in order to get the right blend of CBD terpenes and cannabinoids.
They seek out custom terpene cannabis strains to experience certain psychoactive effects such as euphoria, more energy, or even heavy sedation. If you want to feel calm and relaxed but not overly sedated, for example, you would look for a terpene-cannabinoid combination that can give you that experience.
People also use custom terpene profiles in THC-free CBD oils, or medicinal cannabis, to treat a very specific disease or health ailment. These full-spectrum CBD oils are in a class of hemp products that are derived from the hemp plant, not the marijuana plant, and are high CBD and extremely low in THC.
Using this pure CBD hemp oil, they do not get the marijuana high but solely the relaxation and medicinal effects they need.
Whether or not a person chooses a marijuana-based CBD oil or a hemp seed oil product, there are many ways to take full-spectrum CBD oil. Popular ways to consume it are:
- CBD vape pen
- CBD gummies
- CBD tincture oils
- CBD capsules
- CBD concentrates
- Additional CBD edibles
CBD Terpenes: Making The Entourage Effect Possible
As mentioned earlier, terpenes themselves have many health benefits. Therefore, when these healing terpenes are left in their natural state alongside their cannabinoid counterparts, they produce an Entourage Effect.
The entourage effect is basically the idea that CBD and THC in most cases, work better and have more therapeutic value when tag-teaming with the terpenes. As one example of this, the terpene myrcene works in reducing the resistance of the blood-brain barrier.
In this way, the THC and CBD cannabinoids are then able to cross more easily into the brain, interact with the cannabinoid receptors, and do their therapeutic work more effectively.
Another example would be Limonene’s ability to improve the body’s absorption of other terpenes and cannabinoids through the mucous membranes, skin, and digestive tract.
CBD Terpenes: The Final Word
CBD terpenes are not just for taste and aroma. They actually have a crucial role in how CBD and its plethora of cannabinoids affect our bodies.
From potent medicinal effects to pure pleasure intoxication, CBD terpenes are one of the key players in CBD oil consumption that will continue to revolutionize the medical marijuana industry.
You can find CBD terpenes in the following Farma Health approved CBD oils:
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Frequently Asked Questions:
- What are CBD terpenes?
- What is the difference between CBD oil and CBD terpenes?
- Does CBD oil contain terpenes?
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